Saturday, January 30, 2016


Place where a vessel loads /
discharges cargo

The allocation of berths at a
specified port for particular

Accommodation under customs
surveillance housing dutiable
cargo such as tobacco or spirits
which may be stored on
importation and withdrawn at
importers convenience on
payment of relevant duty for
individual quantities

Cost and freight – cargo delivery

Charges raised by port authority
on cargo passing over the quay
usually based on tonnage or
specified unit method i-e per


Equipment provided at a port or
freight depot to handle cargo such
as cranes, pallet trucks, pallets,
fork lift trucks, straddle carriers,
and so on

Inventory of cargo shipped

Plan depicting specie in a ship
occupied by cargo

 Person in charge of stevedores
involving loading / discharging a

Container freight station

Process of hiring a vessel under
charter party terms for voyage or
period of time

Cost insurance Freight-Cargo
delivery term

A dock system within a seaport
which maintains a constant water
level at all times and access to
which by ship is through lock

Accommodation housing cargo to
a refrigerated condition

The prevision of a through
transport service

A berth at a seaport transshipping
containers. Usually such as a
berth is purpose built and handles
only containers

Place where containers are stored
– usually empty

Equipment enabling bagged
cargo, cartons, and in some ports
bulk cargo, to be loaded /
discharged on an automatic
electrically operated conveyor

 A harbor offering deep water
facilities including deep water
berth thereby being able to
accommodate vessel of up to 20m

Money paid by the shipper for
occupying space at a port or
warehouse beyond the specified
period – usually pending cargo
customs clearance. It also applies
to delay incurred in loading /
discharging a ship, container,
road vehicle or road trailer, be

 The specified port of destination
for a ship or consignment

The labor force in a seaport
handling cargo

Process of discharging cargo
direct from the ship to inland
transport system such as bulk
cargo shipload of rice which has
been cleared by customs.

Place where cargo is discharged
from a ship in a seaport

The transportation of goods to /
from the sea arrangements

 A berth / terminal at a seaport
equipped to handle oil and bulk
cargo transshipments

 A berth / terminal at a seaport
equipped to handle oil

A dock system in a seaport which
is subject to tidal variations

The earliest date on which cargo
is accepted for shipment by (liner)
shipment for a specified sailing

 Process of discharging cargo
direct into barges / lighter age
over the ship’s side using the

 Loading / discharging

 Loquified natural gas

 Length over all

Lift on / lift off

 Long ton / liner terms

 More or less

More or less in charter’s option

More or less in owner’s option

 Motor ship

Metric ton

Motor vessel

Not always afloat but safely

New building

North coast south America

New Orleans

Notice of readiness

Net register ton



 Protection and indemnity


Salt water

Always Afloat

 Always Accessible Always Afloat

Always Afloat or Safe Aground. Condition
for a vessel whilst in port

 Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area

Toward the rear (stern) of the ship.

ABOARD On or within the ship
ABOVE DECK On the deck (not over it - see ALOFT)
ABT About
ADCOM Address Commission
ADDENDUM Additional chartering terms at the end of a
charter party
AFSPS Arrival First Sea Pilot Station (Norway)
AFFREIGHTMENT The hiring of a ship in whole or part
AFT At or towards the stern or rear of a ship
AGROUND Touching or fast to the bottom
AGW All Going Well
AHL Australian Hold Ladders
AIDS TO NAVIGATION Artificial objects to supplement natural
landmarks indicating safe and unsafe
ALOFT Above the deck of the ship
AMIDSHIPS In or toward the centre of the ship
A/N Arrival Notice - an import document send
to the notify party and/or importer's brokercontaining all necessary arrival info for
Customs clearance; normally with freight
ANCHORAGE A place suitable for anchorage in relation
to the wind, seas and bottom
ANTHAM Antwerp-Hamburg Range
APS Arrival Pilot Station
ARAG Amsterdam-Rotterdam--Antwerp-Gent
ARBITRATION Method of settling disputes which is
usually binding on parties. A clause usually
in a charter party
A/S Alongside
ASBA American Shipbrokers Association
ASN Advance Shipment Notice
ASPW Any Safe Port in the World
ASTERN In the back of the ship, opposite of ahead
ATA Actual time of arrival
ATD Actual time of departure
ATDNSHINC Any Time Day/Night Sundays and
Holidays Included
ATHWARTSHIPS At right angles to the centreline of the ship
ATUTC Actual Times Used to Count
AWB Air waybill
BACKLETTER Where a seller/shipper issues a 'letter of
indemnity' in favour of the carrier in
exchange for a clean bill of lading
BAF Bunker Adjustment Factor. A FuelSurcharge expressed as a percentage
added or subtracted from the freight
amount, reflecting the movement in the
market place price for bunkers.
BALE CAP. Cubic capacity of a vessels holds to carry
packaged dry cargo such as bales/pallets
BALLAST Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary
for the stability and safety of a ship which
is not carrying cargo
BALLAST BONUS Compensation for relatively long ballast
BAREBOAT CHTR. Bareboat Charter - Owners lease a
specific ship and control its technical
management and commercial operations
only. Charterers take over all responsibility
for the operation of the vessel and
expenses for the duration.
BBB Before Breaking Bulk. Refers to freight
payments that must be received before
discharge of a vessel commences
BDI Both Dates Inclusive
BEAM The maximum breadth or the greatest
width of a ship
BELOW Beneath the deck
BENDS Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)
BI Both Inclusive
BIMCO The Baltic and International Maritime
BL Bale
B/L (Bill of Lading) A document signed by the
carrier which acts as a Contract of
Affreightment, a receipt and evidence of
title to the cargo.

BM Beam
BN Booking Note
BOB Bunker on Board
BOFFER Best Offer
BOW The forward part of a ship
BROB Bunkers Remaining on Board
BROKERAGE Percentage of freight payable to broker
(by owners in c/p's) or applicable to sale
or purchase
BSS Basis
BSS 1/1 Basis 1 Port to 1 Port
BT Berth Terms
BULKHEAD A vertical partition separating
BUNDLING This is the assembly of pieces of cargo,
secured into one manageable unit. This is
relevant to items such as Structural Steel,
Handrails, Stairways etc. Whilst this is a
very flexible description, a rule of thumb is
to present cargo at a size easily handled
by a large (20 tonne) fork lift.
BUNKERS Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel
Oil supplies (Originates from coal
BUOY An anchored float used for marking a
position on the water or a hazard or a
shoal and for mooring
BWAD Brackish Water Arrival Draft
CAF Currency Adjustment Factor. A fee
applied to the shipping costs to
compensate for exchange rate
CBM Cubic Metres
CBFT (or CFT) Cubic Feet
CFR (or C&F) Cost and Freight
CHART A map used by navigators
CHOPT Charterers Option
CHTRS Charterers
CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all
these costs to a nominated port or place
of discharge.
CKD Completely knocked down
COA Contract of Affreightment - Owners agree
to accept a cost per revenue tonne for
cargo carried on a specific number of
CIP Carriage and Insurance paid to...
C.O. Certificate of Origin - a signed statement
from a semiofficial organization certifying
the origin of an export item, required by
certain nations.
COACP Contract of Affreightment Charter Party
COB Closing of Business
COBLDN Closing of Business London
COD Cash On Delivery
COGSA Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
CONGESTION Port/berth delays
CONS Consumption
CNEE CONSIGNEE. Name of agent, company
or person receiving consignment
COP Custom Of Port

CP (or C/P) Charter Party
CPD Charterers Pay Dues
CPT Carriage Paid To
CQD Customary Quick Despatch
CR Current Rate
CROB Cargo Remaining on Board
CRN Crane
CRT Cargo Retention Clauses, introduced by
charterers based on shortage of delivered
cargo because of increased oil prices
CST Centistoke
CTR Container Fitted
DA Disbursement Account
DAF Deliver At Frontier
DAPS Days all Purposes (Total days for loading
& discharging)
DAMFORDET Damages for Detention. Penalty if cargo
is not ready when ship arrives for working
(1st day of Laycan). This is not detention
which is charged for ships time on delay. If
the cargo is ready there is no
DDU Delivered Duty unpaid.
DDP Delivered Duty Paid.
DECK A permanent covering over a
compartment, hull or any part thereof
DEM Demurrage (Quay Rent). Money paid by
the shipper for the occupying port space
beyond a specified "Free Time" period.
DEQ Delivered Ex Quay

DES Delivered Ex Ship
DESP Despatch. Time saved, reward for quick
turnaround- in dry cargo only
DET Detention (See DAMFORDET)
DEV Deviation. Vessel departure from
specified voyage course
DFRT Deadfreight. Space booked by shipper or
charterer on a vessel but not used
DHDATSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on All Time
Saved Both Ends
DHDWTSBE Despatch Half Demurrage on Working
Time Saved Both Ends
DISCH Discharge
DK Deck
DLOSP Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot
DO Diesel Oil
DOLSP Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)
DOP Dropping Outward Pilot
DOT Department of Transport
DNRCAOSLONL Discountless and Non-Returnable Cargo
and/or Ship Lost or Not Lost
DRAUGHT (or DRAFT) Depth to which a ship is immersed in
water. The depth varies according to the
design of the ship and will be greater or
lesser depending not only on the weight of
the ship and everything on board, but also
on the density of the water in which the
ship is lying.
DRK Derrick

DUNNAGE Materials of various types, often timber or
matting, placed among the cargo for
separation, and hence protection from
damage, for ventilation and, in the case of
certain cargoes, to provide space in which
the tynes of a fork lift truck may be
DWAT (or DWT) Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and
water, i.e. the difference between lightship
and loaded displacement.
EBB A receeding current
EC East Coast
EIU Even If Used
ELVENT Electric Ventilation
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival - the projected
date and time a shipment is scheduled to
arrive at its destination.
ETC Estimated Time of Completion
ETD Estimated Time of Departure - the
projected date and time a shipment is
scheduled to depart from the port/airport
of origin.
ETS Estimated Time of Sailing
EXW Ex Works
FAC Fast as can
FAS Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers
goods to appropriate dock or terminal at
port of embarkation and buyer covers
costs and risks of loading
FCA Free to Carrier. A modern equivalent of
FAS used in intermodal transport where
goods are transferred at a nominated
forwarders premises, depot or terminal
but not actually on board vessel.

FCL Full Container Load - a container that is
fully loaded by cargo, occupying all space,
or loaded to the maximum permissable
weight. It can contain cargo from multiple
shippers, but normally is consigned to the
same consignee. The shipment is
expected to be delivered to the consignee
with the shipper's seal intact.
FD (FDIS) Free Discharge
FDD Freight Demurrage Deadfreight
FDESP Free Despatch
FDEDANRSAOCLONL Freight Deemed Earned, Discountless
And Non-Returnable (Refundable) Ship
And Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost
FENDER A cushion, placed between ships, or
between a ship and a pier, to prevent
FEU Standard 40" Container, forty-foot
equivalent unit, a standard size intermodal
FHEX Fridays/Holidays Excluded
FHINC Fridays/Holidays Included
FILO Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which
the shipper pays load costs and the
carrier pays for discharge costs.
FIO Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes
the seafreight, but no loading/discharging
costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of
loading/discharging cargo.
FIOS Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but
excludes stowage costs.
FIOST Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays
for cost of loading/discharging cargo,
including stowage and trimming.

FIOT Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but
includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of bulk
cargoes. FIOS includes seafreight, but
excludes loading/discharging and
stowage costs.
FIT Free In Trimmed
FIW Free In Wagon
FIXING Chartering a Vessel
FIXTURE Conclusion of shipbrokers negotiations to
charter a ship - an agreement
FLATPACKING Cargo to be presented stacked and
secured as an integral unit.
FLT Full Liner Terms
FMC Federal Maritime Commission
FME Force Majeure Excepted
FMS Fathoms
FO For Orders
FO (IFO) Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO
FO Free Out
FOB Free on Board. Seller sees the goods
"over the ship's rail" on to the ship which is
arranged and paid for by the buyer
FOFFER Firm Offer
FOG For Our Guidance
FOQ Free On Quay
FOR Free On Rail
FORCE MAJEURE Clause limiting responsibilities of the
charterers, shippers and receivers of

FORE-AND-AFT In a line parallel to the keel
FORWARD Toward the bow of the ship
FOT Free On Truck
FOW First Open Water
FOW Free On Wharf
FP Free Pratique. Clearance by the Health
FR First Refusal. First attempt at best offer
that can be matched
FREEBOARD The minimum vertical distance from the
surface of the water to the gunwale
FRT Freight. Money payable on delivery of
cargo in a mercantile condition
FREE DESPATCH If loading/discharging achieved sooner
than agreed, there will be no freight money
FREE EXINS Free of any Extra Insurance (Owners)
FREE OUT Free of discharge costs to owners.
Includes seafreight only.
FRUSTRATION Charterers when cancelling agreement
sometimes quote 'doctrine of frustration'
i.e. vessel is lost, extensive delays.
FWAD Fresh Water Arrival Draft
FWDD Fresh Water Departure Draft
FYG For Your Guidance
FYI For Your Information
GA General Average
GEAR A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle
and other equipment

GN (or GR) Grain (Capacity)
GO Gas Oil
GP Grain Capacity. Cubic capacity in 'grain'
GR Geographical Rotation. Ports in order of
GRD Geared
GRI General Rate Increase. Used to describe
an across-the-board tariff rate increase
implemented by conference members and
applied to base rates.
GRT Gross Registered Tonnage
GSB Good, Safe Berth
GSP Good, Safe Port
GTEE Guarantee
GUNWALE The upper edge of a ship's sides
2H Second Half
HA Hatch
HAGUE RULES Code of minimum conditions for the
carriage of cargo under a Bill of Lading
HATCH An opening in a ship's deck fitted with a
watertight cover
HBF Harmless Bulk Fertilizer
HDLTSBENDS Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends
HDWTS Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time
HHDW Handy Heavy d.w. (Scrap)

HIRE T/C Remuneration
HMS Heavy Metal Scraps
HO Hold
HOLD A compartment below deck in a large
vessel, used solely for carrying cargo
HULL The main body of a ship
HW High Water
ICW Intercoastal Waterway : bays, rivers, and
canals along the coasts (such as the
Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts),
connected so that vessels may travel
without going into the sea
IMDG International Maritime Dangerous Goods
IMO International Maritime Organisation
IN &/OR OVER Goods carried below and/or on deck
INCOTERMS (Refer to comments in covering statement
on front page A-F)
IND Indication
INTERMODAL Carriage of a commodity by different
modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and
air within a single journey
ITF International Transport Workers
Federation (Trade Unions). Complies on
ISPS International Ships and Port Security
ITINERARY Route.Schedule
IU If Used
IUHTAUTC If Used, Half Time Actually To Count

IWL Institute Warranty Limits
KEEL The centreline of a ship running fore and
aft; the backbone of a vessel
KNOT A measurement of speed equal to one
nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour
LANE METER A method of measuring the space
capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit
of space (Linear Meter) is represented by
an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0
meters in width.
LASH To hold goods in position by use of
Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.
LAT Latitude. The distance north or south of the
equator measured and expressed in
LAYCAN Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)
LAYTIME Time at Charterers disposal for purpose
of loading/discharging
L/C Letter of Credit
LCL Less than Container Load - a shipment
that takes up only a portion of a
consolidated container. LCL shpts are to
be picked up at a CFS only, whereas FCL
are to be picked up at a container
LCR Lowest Current Rate
LEE The side sheltered from the wind
LEEWARD The direction away from the wind.
Opposite of windward
LEEWAY The sideways movement of the ship
caused by either wind or current
LF Load Factor. Percentage of cargo or
passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons
carried on a vessel of 10,000 capacity has
a load factor of 40%%
LIEN Retention of property until outstanding
debt is paid
LNG Liquefied Natural Gas
LOA Length Overall of the vessel
LOF Lloyds Open Form
LOG A record of courses or operation. Also, a
device to measure speed
LOI Letter of Indemnity
LONGITUDE The distance in degrees east or west of
the meridian at Greenwich, England
LOW Last Open Water
LS (or LUMPS) Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper
for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to
stated limit irrespective of quantity of
LSD Lashed Secured Dunnaged
LT Liner Terms
LT Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs)
LTHH Liner Terms Hook/Hook
LW Low Water
LYCN Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)
MANIFEST Inventory of cargo on board
MB Merchant Broker
MDO (DO) Marine Diesel Oil
MIDSHIP Approximately in the location equally
distant from the bow and stern

MIN/MAX Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)
MOA Memorandum of Agreement
MOLCHOPT More or Less Charterers Option
MOLOO More or Less Owners Option
MOORING An arrangement for securing a ship to a
mooring buoy or pier
MT Mertic Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos)
M/V Motor Vessel \ Merchant Vessel
NAABSA Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground
NM Nautical Mile. One minute of latitude;
approximately 6,076 feet - about 1/8
longer than the statute mile of 5,280 feet
NAVIGATION The art and science of conducting a ship
safely from one point to another
NCB National Cargo Bureau
NESTING Implies that cargo is presented stacked in
the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it
may be likened to a stack of plates. This is
particularly relevant in the presentation of
tankage strakes for transport
NON-REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner
than expected, then saved days will not be
added to discharge time allowed.
NOR Notice of Readiness
NRT Net Restricted Tonnage
NYPE New York Produce Exchange
OO Owners Option
OBO Ore/Bulk/Oil Vessel
OSH Open Shelter Deck

OVERBOARD Over the side or out of the ship
OWS Owners
P&I Protection and Indemnity Insurance
PC Period of Charter
PCGO Part Cargo
PCT Percent
PDPR Per Day Pro Rata
PERDIEM By the Day
PER SE By Itself
PHPD Per Hatch Per Day
An internationally recognised line painted
on the side of merchant ships. When a
ship is loaded, the water level is not
supposed to go above the line. Water can
reach different parts of the line as its
temperature and saltiness varies with the
season and location. From where Plimsoll
Shipping derived its name.
PORT The left side of a ship looking forward. A
PRATIQUE Licence or permission to use a port
PREAMBLE Introduction to a charter party
PROFORMA Estimated Account
PUS Plus Us
PWWD Per Weather Working Day
RCVR Receiver
RECAP Recapitulation of the terms and conditions

REVERSIBLE (Detention). If loading completed sooner
than expected at load port, then days
saved can be added to discharge
ROB Remaining On Board
RT Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric tonne or
1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The
overall RT is calculated on a line by line
basis of the Packing List using the largest
amount. The overall freight liability is
calculated on the total RT amount,
multiplied by the freight rate.
SATPM Saturday P.M.
SB Safe Berth
SD (or SID) Single Decker
SEAFREIGHT Costs charged for transporting goods over
the sea. This does not cover haulage or
loading/discharging costs but the sea
transport only
SEAWORTHINESS Statement of condition of the vessel (valid
certificates, fully equipped and manned
SELFD Self Discharging
SEMI-TRAILERS Are usually 12.0 meter flat bed road
SF Stowage Factor. Cubic space
(measurement tonne) occupied by one
tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo
SHINC Sundays/Holidays Included
SHEX Sundays/Holidays Excluded
SHPR Shipper - the party in whose name a
contract of carriage of goods has been
concluded with at carrier or any party by

whom, in whose name or on whose behalf
the goods are actually delivered to the
carrier in relation to the contract of
SKIDS Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned
under the cargo to enable forklift handling
at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing
on board ship.
SN Satellite Navigation - A form of position
finding using radio transmissions from
satellites with sophisticated on-board
automatic equipment
SOC Shipper Owned Container
SOF Statement of Facts
SP Safe Port
SPIDERING Is the strengthening of circular tanks for
transport, this prevents the tanks from
becoming warped. The tanks are
strengthened with steel or wood
crossbeams giving a "spider" appearance
SRBL Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading
SSHEX Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded
Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included
STABILITY It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all
aspects at all times. When cargo is
loaded/discharged, the stability is
monitored by a computer, which takes into
account the weight and position of cargo
within the vessel.
STARBOARD Right side of a ship when facing the front
or forward end.
STEM Subject to Enough Merchandise
(Availability of cargo). Also, the forward

most part of the bow.
STERN The aformost or after part of a ship
SUB Subject (to). Depending upon as a
SUPERCARGO Person employed by a ship owner,
shipping company, charterer of a ship or
shipper of goods to supervise cargo
handling operations. Often called a port
SWAD Salt Water Arrival Draft
SWDD Salt Water Departure Draft
THWARTSHIPS At right angles to the centreline of the ship
TIDE The periodic rise and fall of water level in
the oceans
TIME BAR Time after which legal claims will not be
TBN To Be Named / To Be Nominated
TC Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a
particular ship for a set length of time and
provide technical management, crewing
TCP Time Charter Party
TEU Standard 20' Container, twenty-foot
equivalent unit, a standard size intermodal
TOPSIDES The sides of a ship between the waterline
and the deck; sometimes referring to onto
or above the deck
T/S Transhipment - a shipping arrangement in
which a shipment is discharged of the
vessel at an intermediate port enroute and
subsequently reloaded to another vessel
for carriage to its final destinationl

TRIM Fore and aft balance of a ship
TTL Total
TW Tween Decker
USC Unless Sooner Commenced
UU Unless Used
UUIWCTAUTC Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually
Used To Count
VPD Vessel Pays Dues
WATERLINE A line painted on a hull which shows the
point to which a ship sinks when it is
properly trimmed
WAY Movement of a ship through water such as
headway, sternway or leeway
WCCON Whether Customs Cleared Or Not
WIBON Whether In Berth Or Not
WIFPON Whether In Free Pratique Or Not
WINDWARD Toward the direction from which the wind
is coming
WIPON Whether In Port Or Not
WLTOHC Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming
WOG Without Guarantee
WP Weather Permitting. That time during
which weather prevents working shall not
count as laytime
WPD Weather Permitting Day
WWD Weather Working Day
WRIC Wire Rods In Collis
WWR When, Where Ready

WWWW Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon
YAR York Antwerp Rules
YAW To swing or steer off course, as when
running with a quartering sea